Monday, February 06, 2012

Background - China's Veto on Syria Draft Resolution

The following article I found in today's edition of People's Network, Beijing. Here is my translation of the essential points:


The director of China's Institute for the Research of International Issues, Qu Xing, was guest in the "Powerful Nation Forum", right after the Security Council's veto of a draft resolution on the Syria item, awaiting this to have a bearing on the topic of conversation in an online exchange [of opinion] with friends of the web. Qu Xing made clear that, while the United Nations Security Council voted for the draft resolution on the Syria item, China cast a negative vote not necessarily in order to protect or to oppose anybody.

All that is needed would be the realization of an election by the people. As to China, it would respect an election of that country's people. It's not likely there would be any difficulty. China's international practice after the end of the Cold War as well as China's international practice after last year's unrest in Western Asia and North Africa have already proven that [position] many times.


Though, during so many days full of discussion, the West has already urged Bashir [Assad] to hand over power before a prefixed deadline in a wiping out style using a resolution's direct wording. But then they retained "firmly support" out of the Arab League's frame plan [as far as that] frame plan really includes a definite demand for Bashir's stepping down from power. In fact, that's why the West did not reach a concession in the essential question. If the Security Council passed a resolution, demanding whatever country's [strongman] to step down from power, the Security Council's deadline being surpassed, this would as well mean insufficient compliance with what the United Nations Charter conjointly provided. And this would neither comply with the basic norms of international relationship. Therefore, facing such violation of the basic principles of the United Nations Charter invading the contents of a Security Council's resolution, China can by no means grant its approval.


Second: Actual diplomatic efforts towards Syria are underway. On February 7, the foreign minister of Russia is going to pay a direct visit to Syria and will meet with President Bashir [Assad]. He will give impetus to the political process in which he is concentrating all of his efforts. These political efforts should be granted some [developing] space. If a resolution was being passed during that time, that would actually close the time gate for Russia continuously pushing forward [its] diplomatic efforts.

Third: The crucial point of the draft resolution's fixed content is a one-sided use of pressure between two parties. At the same time there is no balanced claim that each side should stop violent clashes which would be the substance to open a political process. ...

Above: Director Qu Xing at the "Powerful Nation Forum"

Another article from the same day (People's Network on February 6) is giving a summary of the Chinese position in the Syrian question in only a few words:


What kind of action is truly responsible with regard to the Syrian people ?
(International Forum)


It only needs 1 percent of hope for peace for feeling obliged to invest 100 percent of effort. The international community wants to give peace even more chances. Such is responsible action, most appropriate towards the people of Syria.

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